Petrofabrics of high-pressure rocks exhumed at the slab-mantle interface from the "point of no return" in a subduction zone (Sivrihisar, Turkey)

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Abstract

The highest pressure recorded by metamorphic rocks exhumed from oceanic subduction zones is ∼2.5GPa, corresponding to the maximum decoupling depth (MDD) (80±10km) identified in active subduction zones; beyond the MDD (the "point of no return") exhumation is unlikely. The Sivrihisar massif (Turkey) is a coherent terrane of lawsonite eclogite and blueschist facies rocks in which assemblages and fabrics record P-T-fluid-deformation conditions during exhumation from ∼80 to 45 km. Crystallographic fabrics and other features of high-pressure metasedimentary and metabasaltic rocks record transitions during exhumation. In quartzite, microstructures and crystallographic fabrics record deformation in the dislocation creep regime, including dynamic recrystallization during decompression, and a transition from prism <a> slip to activation of rhomb <a> and basal <a> slip that may be related to a decrease in water fugacity during decompression (∼2.5 to ∼1.5 GPa). Phengite, lawsonite, and omphacite or glaucophane in quartzite and metabasalt remained stable during deformation, and omphacite developed an L-type crystallographic fabric. In marble, aragonite developed columnar textures with strong crystallographic fabrics that persisted during partial to complete dynamic recrystallization that was likely achieved in the stability field of aragonite (P > ∼1.2 GPa). Results of kinematic vorticity analysis based on lawsonite shape fabrics are consistent with shear criteria in quartzite and metabasalt and indicate a large component of coaxial deformation in the exhuming channel beneath a simple shear dominated interface. This large coaxial component may have multiplied the exhuming power of the subduction channel and forced deeply subducted rocks to flow back from the point of no return.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2315-2341
Number of pages27
JournalTectonics
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Turkey
  • blueschist
  • eclogite
  • lawsonite
  • petrofabrics
  • subduction

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