Pervasive shifts in forest dynamics in a changing world

Nate G. McDowell, Craig D. Allen, Kristina Anderson-Teixeira, Brian H. Aukema, Ben Bond-Lamberty, Louise Chini, James S. Clark, Michael Dietze, Charlotte Grossiord, Adam Hanbury-Brown, George C. Hurtt, Robert B. Jackson, Daniel J. Johnson, Lara Kueppers, Jeremy W. Lichstein, Kiona Ogle, Benjamin Poulter, Thomas A.M. Pugh, Rupert Seidl, Monica G. TurnerMaria Uriarte, Anthony P. Walker, Chonggang Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Forest dynamics arise from the interplay of environmental drivers and disturbances with the demographic processes of recruitment, growth, and mortality, subsequently driving biomass and species composition. However, forest disturbances and subsequent recovery are shifting with global changes in climate and land use, altering these dynamics. Changes in environmental drivers, land use, and disturbance regimes are forcing forests toward younger, shorter stands. Rising carbon dioxide, acclimation, adaptation, and migration can influence these impacts. Recent developments in Earth system models support increasingly realistic simulations of vegetation dynamics. In parallel, emerging remote sensing datasets promise qualitatively new and more abundant data on the underlying processes and consequences for vegetation structure. When combined, these advances hold promise for improving the scientific understanding of changes in vegetation demographics and disturbances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberaaz9463
JournalScience
Volume368
Issue number6494
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Energy (DOE) Workshop “Disturbance and vegetation dynamics in Earth System Models” held March 2018 in Washington, D.C. Funding was provided by: the DOE’s Next Generation Ecosystem Experiment-Tropics (NGEE-Tropics) and Pacific Northwest National Lab’s (PNNL’s) LDRD program (N.G.M.), McIntire-Stennis MIN-17-095 (B.H.A.), the U.S. Geological Survey’s Ecosystems and Land Resources mission areas (C.D.A.), the Joint Fire Science Program (16-3-01-4) and the University of Wisconsin–Madison

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All rights reserved.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

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