Perspectives of genetic counseling supervisors regarding genetic counseling students' attainment of practice-based competencies in clinical care through remote supervision

Kate P. Shane-Carson, Loan Stone, Kaitlin Justice, Shannah Mwanda, Amy Stagg, Jane Pilditch, Sally Hiner, Jessica Scott Schwoerer, Susan A. Berry, Mathew J. Edick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are limited studies regarding the attainment of the Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling Practice-Based Competencies by genetic counseling students who complete clinical rotations in an in-person setting versus in a remote setting that incudes telephone and/or video patient encounters. This study explored the perceptions of 17 patient-facing genetic counselors who had served as supervisors for genetic counseling students regarding student attainment of practice-based competencies in in-person compared to remote rotations. Participants were recruited through an American Board of Genetic Counseling eblast and were required to have at least 2 years of clinical experience and experience providing genetic counseling supervision for at least one in-person rotation and one remote rotation. Four focus groups were created comprising genetic counselors from various practice disciplines. Discussion focused on potential differences and similarities in supervisor perceptions of student attainment of each clinical practice-based competency, and whether there were any concerns about students being able to attain each competency in remote rotations. Overall, participants discussed that genetic counseling students' attainment of clinical competencies through remote rotations was comparable to in-person rotations; however, 15 themes were identified illustrating differences reported by participants in how they observed these skills being performed by students in in-person versus remote clinical settings. The findings of this study highlight important considerations when developing a remote rotation, as well as ways in which certain clinical skills may be further enhanced through a combination of both in-person and remote clinical experiences. A noted limitation of remote rotations is that students have less of an opportunity to interact with other providers, and so may require other opportunities for interprofessionalism and to understand their role as part of a larger organization. Further study is required to elucidate differences between telephone and video clinics, as well as potential differences pertaining to various specialty areas of practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-102
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Genetic Counseling
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. Journal of Genetic Counseling published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of National Society of Genetic Counselors.


  • clinical supervision
  • education
  • genetic counseling
  • practice-based competencies
  • service delivery models
  • telemedicine

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