Persons, situations, and the control of social behavior

Mark Snyder, Thomas C. Monson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

164 Scopus citations


2 studies investigated differences in the situational control of behavior as a result of variation in attentiveness to situational and interpersonal guides to social appropriateness. In Study 1, 28 male and 28 female undergraduates participated in a group discussion that made salient either of 2 reference groups. The effects of this manipulation on social conformity were examined as a function of self-monitoring and neuroticism measures. Social conformity of high self-monitoring and low neuroticism Ss differed reliably between discussion contexts. Low self-monitoring and high neuroticism Ss were unaffected by discussion context. In Study 2 with 90 male undergraduates, raters judged their generosity, honesty, and hostility in 9 relevant situations. A variance measure of perceived situational variability indicated that high self-monitoring Ss reported more situational variability than did low self-monitoring Ss. Implications for the interaction of situational and dispositional determinants of behavior are discussed. (25 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-644
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 1975


  • attentiveness to situational &
  • interpersonal guides to social appropriateness, situational control of behavior, college students


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