Personality in the age of industryStructure, heritability, and correlates of personality in middle childhood from the perspective of parents, teachers, and children

D. Angus Clark, C. Emily Durbin, Brian M. Hicks, William G. Iacono, Matt McGue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Middle childhood is a crucial juncture in the lifespan where children work toward achieving a sense of competence foundational for future development. However, middle childhood has historically been underrepresented in the personality literature. The current study provides a comprehensive examination of personality in middle childhood using a large (N = 2510), longitudinal sample of 10- to 12-year-old twins. The structure, heritability, and correlates of personality in this period were investigated using personality ratings of parents, teachers, and children. Results showed that personality in middle childhood has a coherent structure, is heritable, and is relevant for developmentally salient outcomes such as externalizing behavior, substance use, and academic engagement. Results emphasize the importance of investigating personality in middle childhood across multiple informants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-143
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume67
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • Middle childhood
  • Multiple informants
  • Personality
  • Personality heritability
  • Personality outcomes
  • Personality structure

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