Personality disorder in DSM-5: An oral history

P. Zachar, R. F. Krueger, K. S. Kendler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


As the revision process leading to DSM-5 began, the domain of personality disorder embodied the highest aspirations for major change. After an initial prototype-based proposal failed to gain acceptance, the Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group (P&PDWG) developed a hybrid model containing categorical and dimensional components. A clash of perspectives both within the P&PDWG and between the P&PDWG and DSM-5 oversight committees led to the rejection of this proposal from the main body of DSM-5. Major issues included conflicting ways of conceptualizing validation, differences of opinion from personality disorder experts outside the P&PDWG, divergent concepts of the magnitude of evidence needed to support substantial changes, and the disagreements about clinical utility of the hybrid model. Despite these setbacks, the 'Alternative DSM-5 Model of Personality Disorder' is presented in Section III of the DSM-5. Further research should clarify its performance relative to the DSM-IV criteria reprinted in the main DSM-5 text.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPsychological medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2015.


  • DSM-5
  • history
  • personality disorder


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