Personal Protection Measures Against Mosquitoes, Ticks, and Other Arthropods

Jonathan D. Alpern, Stephen J. Dunlop, Benjamin J. Dolan, William M. Stauffer, David R. Boulware

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Arthropod-associated diseases are a major cause of morbidity among travelers. Obtaining a detailed travel itinerary and understanding traveler-specific and destination-specific risk factors can help mitigate the risk of vector-borne diseases. DEET, picaridin, PMD, and IR3535 are insect repellents that offer sufficient protection against arthropod bites. IR3535 does not provide adequate protection against Anopheles mosquitoes, and should be avoided in malaria-endemic regions. General protective measures, such as bite avoidance, protective clothing, insecticide-treated bed nets, and insecticide-treated clothing, should be recommended, especially in malaria-endemic areas. Spatial repellents may prevent nuisance biting, but have not been shown to prevent against vector-borne disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-316
Number of pages14
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Arthropod bites
  • DEET
  • Mosquitoes
  • Personal protection measures
  • Repellants
  • Ticks
  • Travelers


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