Persistent efficacy of doramectin injectable against artificially induced infections with Cooperia punctata and Dictyocaulus viviparus in cattle

B. E. Stromberg, B. W. Woodward, C. H. Courtney, W. E. Kunkle, E. G. Johnson, G. L. Zimmerman, L. A. Zimmerman, S. E. Marley, D. S. Keller, G. A. Conder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three studies were conducted to evaluate the persistent efficacy of doramectin injectable solution against experimental challenges with infective larvae of Cooperia punctata and Dictyocaulus viviparus. In each study, four groups of ten randomly-assigned calves, negative for trichostrongyle-type eggs on fecal examination, were treated subcutaneously in the midline of the neck with saline (1ml/50kg) on Day 0 or doramectin (200μg/kg=1ml/50kg) on Day 0, 7, or 14. Two additional calves from the same pool of animals were randomly assigned as larval-viability monitors and received no treatment. On Days 14-28, approximately 1000 and 50 infective larvae of Cooperia spp. and D. viviparus, respectively, were administered daily by gavage to each animal in Groups T1-T4. On Day 28, the two larval-viability monitor calves were inoculated in a similar manner with a single dose of ~30000 and 2000 larvae of Cooperia spp. and D. viviparus, respectively. Equal numbers of calves from each treatment group were killed on Days 42-45, as well as the two viability monitor animals to enumerate worm numbers. A 2% or 5% aliquot of small intestinal contents and washings were examined for worm quantification and identification, while 100% of the lung recoveries were quantified and identified. For each study and across the three studies, geometric mean worm recoveries for each treatment group were calculated from the natural log transformed data (worm count+1) and were used to estimate percentage reduction. In the three studies, doramectin injectable solution was 97.5% efficacious against lungworms for up to 28 days and was 99.8% efficacious in reducing infection resulting from challenge with infective larvae of C. punctata for at least 28 days post-treatment. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-54
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1999

Keywords

  • Cattle nematode
  • Cooperia punctata
  • Dictyocaulus viviparus
  • Doramectin
  • Endectocide
  • Persistent efficacy

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