Periosteal flaps allow for single stage reconstruction of larger full thickness eyelid defects: a retrospective study

Shoshana R. Blumenthal, Lauren S. Mohan, Daniel R. Knabel, Westley Mori, Addison Demer, Ronda Farah, Lori Fiessinger, Adam Mattox, Ian Maher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Full-thickness lower eyelid defects after Mohs micrographic surgery are frequently referred out to oculoplastic surgery for reconstruction. Reconstructive options include wedge closure with or without canthotomy/cantholysis and tarsoconjunctival sliding flaps. Defects > 50% of the eyelid margin have traditionally required the two-stage Hughes flap, leaving the patient with monocular vision for 3–6 weeks until pedicle division. To demonstrate single-stage periosteal flaps performed by dermatologic surgeons can result in safe, functional, and cosmetically acceptable repairs for large full thickness eyelid defects, an institutional review board-approved retrospective study of repairs performed by two dermatologic surgeons between January 2017 and July 2021 at the University of Minnesota. Patient demographics, operative notes, and follow-up notes were reviewed. Defect and follow-up photographs were scored using a visual analogue scale to assess aesthetic results. Ten cases were included in the analysis. Six patients were male and the average age was 62 years old. 8/10 were basal cell carcinoma and 2/10 were melanoma. The mean defect was 9.5 cm2, with a range of 1–24 cm2. The median cosmetic score was 85.8 ± 10.7. There were no serious complications reported. Mohs micrographic surgeons can safely and successfully reconstruct large, full thickness eyelid defects by periosteal flap.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2833-2839
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Dermatological Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Eyelid reconstruction
  • Facial reconstruction
  • Mohs surgery
  • Periosteal flap

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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