Periodontal therapy alters gene expression of peripheral blood monocytes

Panos N. Papapanou, Michael H. Sedaghatfar, Ryan T. Demmer, Dana L. Wolf, Jun Yang, Georg A. Roth, Romanita Celenti, Paul B. Belusko, Evanthia Lalla, Paul Pavlidis

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42 Scopus citations


Aims: We investigated the effects of periodontal therapy on gene expression of peripheral blood monocytes. Methods: Fifteen patients with periodontitis gave blood samples at four time points: 1 week before periodontal treatment (#1), at treatment initiation (baseline, #2), 6-week (#3) and 10-week post-baseline (#4). At baseline and 10 weeks, periodontal status was recorded and subgingival plaque samples were obtained. Periodontal therapy (periodontal surgery and extractions without adjunctive antibiotics) was completed within 6 weeks. At each time point, serum concentrations of 19 biomarkers were determined. Peripheral blood monocytes were purified, RNA was extracted, reverse-transcribed, labelled and hybridized with AffymetrixU133Plus2.0 chips. Expression profiles were analysed using linear random-effects models. Further analysis of gene ontology terms summarized the expression patterns into biologically relevant categories. Differential expression of selected genes was confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in a subset of patients. Results: Treatment resulted in a substantial improvement in clinical periodontal status and reduction in the levels of several periodontal pathogens. Expression profiling over time revealed more than 11,000 probe sets differentially expressed at a false discovery rate of <0.05. Approximately 1/3 of the patients showed substantial changes in expression in genes relevant to innate immunity, apoptosis and cell signalling. Conclusions: The data suggest that periodontal therapy may alter monocytic gene expression in a manner consistent with a systemic anti-inflammatory effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)736-747
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of clinical periodontology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2007


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cytokines
  • Genomics
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • Periodontitis


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