Performance of masonry buildings and churches in the 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake

Dmytro Dizhur, Jason Ingham, Lisa Moon, Mike Griffith, Arturo Schultz, Ilaria Senaldi, Guido Magenes, Jocelyn Dickie, Shelley Lissel, Jose Centeno, Carlos Ventura, Joao Leite, Paulo Lourenco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


As part of the 'Project masonry' Recovery Project funded by the New Zealand Natural Hazards Research Platform, commencing in March 2011, an international team of researchers was deployed to document and interpret the observed earthquake damage to masonry buildings and to churches as a result of the 22ndFebruary 2011 Christchurch earthquake. The study focused on investigating commonly encountered failure patterns and collapse mechanisms. A brief summary of activities undertaken is presented, detailing the observations that were made on the performance of and the deficiencies that contributed to the damage to approximately 650 inspected unreinforced clay brick masonry (URM) buildings, to 90 unreinforced stone masonry buildings, to 342 reinforced concrete masonry (RCM) buildings, to 112 churches in the Canterbury region, and to just under 1100 residential dwellings having external masonry veneer cladding. In addition, details are provided of retrofit techniques that were implemented within relevant Christchurch URM buildings prior to the 22 February earthquake and brief suggestions are provided regarding appropriate seismic retrofit and remediation techniques for stone masonry buildings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-296
Number of pages18
JournalBulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2011


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