Performance of a precast wall with end columns rocking- wall system with precast surrounding structure

Qingzhi Liu, Catherine W. French, Sri Sritharan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A large-scale structural assemblage was tested under quasi-static loading to investigate the seismic performance of a rocking-wall structure assembled by precast members. An innovative PreWEC (precast wall with end columns) system, which consisted of a precast non-bearing rocking wall, energy-dissipating O-connectors, and adjacent load-bearing end columns was used as the rocking-wall system. The structure surrounding the PreWEC included precast edge beam and columns and a floor system formed by untopped precast planks. Wall-floor connections were used to isolate the floor from vertical movements of the wall. Test results showed that the floor was successfully isolated from the uplift of the wall throughout the test. The surrounding structure barely increased the strength of the PreWEC system, as anticipated. The entire specimen was almost damage-free at 2% design drift and demonstrated excellent self-centering performance even after experiencing 5% lateral drift. Design recommendations are provided for the key components of this type of precast rocking-wall structure (wallfloor connections, end columns, and floor-beam connections).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-116
Number of pages14
JournalACI Structural Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was completed under a grant from the National Science Foundation (CMMI-1041650). Molin Concrete provided the precast wall unit. BS Italia provided the V-connectors. SWPC and Hayes Industries provided the post-tensioned strands and the wedges. Mini V connectors were donated by JVI Inc. The great support from these companies is acknowledged. The views expressed in this paper reflect those of the authors and not necessarily the sponsors.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020, American Concrete Institute.


  • Cyclic loading
  • Experimental tests
  • Precast concrete
  • Residual drift
  • Rocking wall
  • Seismic
  • Untopped precast plank
  • Wall-floor connections

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