In mobile communications the strength of a line of sight component measured by the K factor of the Ricean received envelope distribution has significant impact on system performance analysis and link budget calculations. In this paper, we study the performance of moment-based estimators for the Ricean K-factor as less complex alternatives to the maximum likelihood estimator. Our asymptotic analysis reveals that the estimators that rely on lower-order moments have a better asymptotic performance for moderate/large values of K. We also illustrate, by Monte Carlo simulations, that the fading correlation among the envelope samples deteriorates the estimator performance. The simplest estimator, which can be expressed in closed form in terms of the second- and fourth-order sample moments offers a good compromise between statistical performance and computational simplicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings|
|State||Published - Sep 26 2001|
|Event||2001 IEEE Interntional Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing - Salt Lake, UT, United States|
Duration: May 7 2001 → May 11 2001