Perceptions of How Parents of Early Adolescents Will Personally Benefit From Calcium-Rich Food and Beverage Parenting Practices

Rickelle Richards, Marla Reicks, Siew Sun Wong, Carolyn Gunther, Mary Cluskey, Miriam S. Ballejos, Christine Bruhn, N. Paul Johnston, Scottie Misner, Corilee Watters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify and rank perceived personal benefits from parenting practices that promote intake of calcium-rich foods and beverages (CRF/B) by early adolescents. Methods: A convenience sample of parents/caregivers (n=133) of early adolescents (10-13years) from 6states (CA, HI, MN, OH, OR, UT) participated in a qualitative study using a Nominal Group Technique process. Benefits identified by parents/caregivers were ranked by importance, given a score weight, and summed to create a total weighted score across states. Results: The top benefit from making CRF/B available was parent emotional rewards. The top benefit perceived by parents from role modeling intake of CRF/B and setting expectations for intake of CRB was child health promotion. Conclusions and Implications: Child health promotion and parent emotional rewards were important perceived benefits derived from CRF/B parenting practices, and thus, should be included as the focus of education to increase the frequency of these practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-601
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was funded through money appropriated by Congress through the Hatch Act to the Agricultural Experiment Stations of land grant universities for multistate research projects. The work was conducted at Brigham Young University, University of Minnesota, Utah State University, Oregon State University, The Ohio State University, Oregon State University, Washington State University, University of California-Davis, University of Arizona, and University of Hawaii.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior.


  • Adolescents
  • Availability
  • Calcium-rich foods and beverages
  • Expectations
  • Parents
  • Practices
  • Role modeling


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