Perceptions and Responses to Conflict: Comparing Men and Women in Recreational Settings

Andrew Oftedal, Hyoung Kil Kang, Ingrid Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This study explored if incidence of and coping response to recreation conflict differed between men and women. The socio-psychological literature offers inconclusive evidence on this, and two hypotheses have emerged. The situational hypothesis attributes coping differences to the nature of the conflict whereas the dispositional hypothesis attributes coping differences to inherent differences between men and women. To test these two hypotheses, data were collected from 521 cross-country skiers and 451 hikers. Factor analysis, t-tests, and analysis of covariance found that men reported more visitor interaction and trail quality conflicts than did women while hiking, but only more trail quality conflicts when cross-country skiing. In their response to conflict, no significant difference in coping strategies emerged between men and women. Findings provide tentative support for the situational hypothesis of coping, strengthen the existing research on coping, and add to the literature on women's recreational experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-67
Number of pages29
JournalLeisure Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • gender
  • leisure coping
  • leisure negotiation
  • outdoor recreation


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