Perceived stigmatization among overweight African-American and Caucasian adolescent girls

Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Mary Story, Loren Faibisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

161 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To explore how African-American and Caucasian adolescent girls describe weight-related stigmatization experiences and their responses to these experiences. Methodology: Fifty girls from five urban Midwest high schools participated in the study (mean age 16.1 years, mean body mass index 33.6). The girls participated in clinical research interviews, which were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded. Results: All but two of the participants described stigmatizing experiences, the most frequently reported of which were direct and intentional, such as name calling and teasing. Hurtful comments and behaviors by family members and peers which appeared to be less intentional were also described by study participants. Responses to these experiences varied both within and across interviews and included ignoring or attempting to ignore hurtful experiences, feeling hurt, and getting mad. Conclusions: The results stress the importance of discussing issues of stigmatization and responses to these hurtful experiences with overweight youth within clinical and educational settings. Furthermore, family members, teachers, and nonoverweight peers need to increase their awareness of the impact of their remarks on and behavior toward overweight youth within a society that values thinness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-270
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors express their gratitude to the study participants who have enlightened them through the sharing of their experiences. They are also grateful to Irene Alton, M.S., R.D., who was responsible for participant recruitment; to Jill Ohlson and Michelle Adamiak, who interviewed the participants and assisted in the content coding; and to Tanya Harris and RoseAnna Holiday, who assisted in the profile-based coding. This study was made possible through grants from the American Heart Association, the Minnesota Obesity Research Center, and the University of Minnesota.

Copyright:
Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Discrimination
  • Ethnicity
  • Girls
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • P sychosocial
  • Self-esteem
  • Stigmatization

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Perceived stigmatization among overweight African-American and Caucasian adolescent girls'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this