Perceived barriers to rural nurse practitioner practice.

L. L. Lindeke, T. R. Bly, R. A. Wilcox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Studies of barriers to nurse practitioner (NP) practice show similar results for more than 20 years. Comparisons of barriers to rural NP practice have not been performed. Descriptive data about perceived barriers to practice were collected from 292 NPs in one midwestern state (urban, 229; rural, 63; response rate, 60%). A primary barrier was a lack of understanding by the general public about the NP role, which respondents found was detrimental to practice success. Physicians also lacked knowledge about the NP role. Rural practice barriers also included lack of peer support, suggesting that isolation from other NPs detracted from practice success. Educating the public and health professionals about NP education, scope of practice, and roles continues to be necessary. Media campaigns can increase understanding of NP practice. Rural NPs can use electronic means to communicate with each other to decrease practice isolation. Removing barriers to practice remains an ongoing task to enhance rural nursing practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-221
Number of pages4
JournalClinical excellence for nurse practitioners : the international journal of NPACE
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2001


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