Penicillin sulfone inhibitors of class D β-lactamases

Sarah M. Drawz, Christopher R. Bethel, Venkata R. Doppalapudi, Anjaneyulu Sheri, Sundar Ram Reddy Pagadala, Andrea M. Hujer, Marion J. Skalweit, Vernon E. Anderson, Shu G. Chen, John D. Buynak, Robert A. Bonomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


OXA β-lactamases are largely responsible for β-lactam resistance in Acinetobacter spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, two of the most difficult-to-treat nosocomial pathogens. In general, the β-lactamase inhibitors used in clinical practice (clavulanic acid, sulbactam, and tazobactam) demonstrate poor activity against class D β-lactamases. To overcome this challenge, we explored the abilities of β-lactamase inhibitors of the C-2- and C-3-substituted penicillin and cephalosporin sulfone families against OXA-1, extended-spectrum (OXA-10, OXA-14, and OXA-17), and carbapenemase-type (OXA-24/40) class D β-lactamases. Three C-2-substituted penicillin sulfone compounds (JDB/LN-1-255, JDB/LN-III-26, and JDB/ASR-II-292) showed low Ki values for the OXA-1 β-lactamase (0.70 ± 0.14 → 1.60 ± 0.30 μM) and demonstrated significant Ki improvements compared to the C-3-substituted cephalosporin sulfone (JDB/DVR-II-214), tazobactam, and clavulanic acid. The C-2-substituted penicillin sulfones JDB/ASR-II-292 and JDB/LN-1-255 also demonstrated low K is for the OXA-10, -14, -17, and -24/40 β-lactamases (0.20 ± 0.04 → 17 ± 4 μM). Furthermore, JDB/LN-1-255 displayed stoichiometric inactivation of OXA-1 (the turnover number, i.e., the partitioning of the initial enzyme inhibitor complex between hydrolysis and enzyme inactivation [tn] = 0) and tns ranging from 5 to 8 for the other OXA enzymes. Using mass spectroscopy to study the intermediates in the inactivation pathway, we determined that JDB/LN-1-255 inhibited OXA β-lactamases by forming covalent adducts that do not fragment. On the basis of the substrate and inhibitor kinetics of OXA-1, we constructed a model showing that the C-3 carboxylate of JDB/LN-1-255 interacts with Ser115 and Thr213, the R-2 group at C-2 fits between the space created by the long B9 and B10 β strands, and stabilizing hydrophobic interactions are formed between the pyridyl ring of JDB/LN-1-255 and Val116 and Leu161. By exploiting conserved structural and mechanistic features, JDB/LN-1-255 is a promising lead compound in the quest for effective inhibitors of OXA-type β-lactamases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1414-1424
Number of pages11
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes


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