Pelvic Insufficiency Fractures

Timothy J. O'connor, Peter A. Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pelvic insufficiency fractures may occur in the absence of trauma or as a result of low-energy trauma in osteoporotic bone. With a growing geriatric population, the incidence of pelvic insufficiency fracture has increased over the last 3 decades and will continue to do so. These fractures can cause considerable pain, loss of independence, and economic burden to both the patient and the health care system. While many of these injuries are identified and treated based on plain radiographs, some remain difficult to diagnose. The role of advanced imaging in these cases is discussed. In addition to treating the fracture, medical comorbidities contributing to osteoporosis should be identified and corrected. Specific attention has been given to 25-OH serum vitamin D screening and repletion. Treatment generally consists of providing pain control and assisting patients with mobilization while allowing weight bearing as tolerated. In those unable to do so, invasive techniques such as sacroplasty as well as internal fixation may be beneficial. The role of operative fixation in insufficiency fractures is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-190
Number of pages13
JournalGeriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2014

Keywords

  • fragility fracture
  • geriatric trauma
  • osteoporosis
  • pelvic insufficiency fractures

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