Pedagogies of engagement: Classroom-based practices

Karl A. Smith, Sheri D. Sheppard, David W. Johnson, Roger T. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1109 Scopus citations


Educators, researchers, and policy makers have advocated student involvement for some time as an essential aspect of meaningful learning. In the past twenty years engineering educators have implemented several means of better engaging their undergraduate students, including active and cooperative learning, learning communities, service learning, cooperative education, inquiry and problem-based learning, and team projects. This paper focuses on classroom-based pedagogies of engagement, particularly cooperative and problem-based learning. It includes a brief history, theoretical roots, research support, summary of practices, and suggestions for redesigning engineering classes and programs to include more student engagement. The paper also lays out the research ahead for advancing pedagogies aimed at more fully enhancing students' involvement in their learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-101
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Engineering Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005


  • Cooperative learning
  • Problem-based learning
  • Student engagement


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