Purpose: To explore the temporal relationship between brachial artery peak shear stress (Shear) and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in children and adults. Methods: Shear and brachial artery diameter were tracked following reactive hyperemia in 122 children and 350 adults using sonographic imaging. Results: Peak Shear, Shear area under the curve (ShearAUC), and Peak FMD were significantly larger in children than in adults. The time to peak Shear (ShearTTP) and time to peak FMD (FMDTTP) were significantly lower in children, while there was no significant difference in time from ShearTTP to FMDTTP between children and adults. Conclusions: Children have a lower shear stimulus and FMD response than adults, but the time interval separating these events is similar. These differences could be due to changes in vascular dynamics with age, including reduced smooth muscle cell responsiveness and other factors. Despite differences in timing, the interval from peak Shear to peak FMD was similar in children and adults.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- Reactive hyperemia
- Shear stress
- Time to peak