Patient–physician gender concordance and increased mortality among female heart attack patients

Brad N. Greenwood, Seth Carnahan, Laura Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

292 Scopus citations


We examine patient gender disparities in survival rates following acute myocardial infarctions (i.e., heart attacks) based on the gender of the treating physician. Using a census of heart attack patients admitted to Florida hospitals between 1991 and 2010, we find higher mortality among female patients who are treated by male physicians. Male patients and female patients experience similar outcomes when treated by female physicians, suggesting that unique challenges arise when male physicians treat female patients. We further find that male physicians with more exposure to female patients and female physicians have more success treating female patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8569-8574
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number34
StatePublished - Aug 21 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 National Academy of Sciences. All Rights Reserved.


  • Gender disparity
  • Heart attacks
  • Mortality
  • Patient advocacy
  • Patient–physician gender concordance


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