Reparameterization of surfaces is a widely used tool in computer graphics known mostly from the remeshing algorithms. Recently, the surface reparameterization techniques started to gain popularity in the field of medical imaging, but mostly for convenient 2D visualization of the information initially represented on 3D surfaces (e.g. continuous bulls-eye plot). However, by consistently mapping the 3D information to the same 2D domain, surface reparameterization techniques allow us to put into correspondence anatomical shapes of inherently different geometry. In this paper, we propose a method for anatomical parameterization of cardiac ventricular anatomies that include myocardium, trabeculations, tendons and papillary muscles. The proposed method utilizes a quasi-conformal flattening of the myocardial surfaces of the left and right cardiac ventricles and extending it to cover the interior of the cavities using the local coordinates given by the solution of the Laplace's equation. Subsequently, we define a geometry independent representation for the detailed cardiac left and right ventricular anatomies that can be used for convenient visualization and statistical analysis of the trabeculations in a population. Lastly we show how it can be used for mapping the detailed cardiac anatomy between different hearts, which is of considerable interest for detailed cardiac computational models or shape atlases.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The Dicom datasets were provided by the Visible Heart ® Laboratory (University of Minnesota), they were obtained by MRI scanning perfusion fixed hearts that were graciously donated by the organ donors and their families through LifeSource. B. Paun is supported by the grant FI-DGR 2014 (2014 FI B01238) from the Generalitat de Catalunya. The research leading to these results has received funding from the EU FP7 for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement VP2HF (no. 611823) and from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (grant TIN2011-28067, TIN2014-52923-R, the Maria de Maeztu Units of Excellence Programme MDM-2015-0502) and FEDER.
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.
- Cardiac coordinate system
- Cardiac trabeculations
- Conformal mapping
- Heart representation
- Surface flattening