Patient activity levels after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty

Grant H. Garcia, Samuel A. Taylor, Brian J. Depalma, Gregory T. Mahony, Brian M. Grawe, Joseph Nguyen, Joshua S. Dines, David M. Dines, Russell F. Warren, Edward V. Craig, Lawrence V. Gulotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Background: The indications for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) continue to expand, which has resulted in younger patients who want to remain active after RTSA. Little information is available to manage expectations of both physicians and patients for return to sporting activities. Purpose: To determine the rate of return to sporting activities and assess average time to return to sports after RTSA. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: This was a retrospective review of consecutive RTSA patients collected from our institution's shoulder arthroplasty registry. All patients who played sports preoperatively and had a minimum of 1-year follow-up were included. Final follow-up consisted of an additional patient-reported questionnaire with questions regarding physical fitness and sporting activities. Each patient also completed an assessment with the American Shoulder and Elbow Society (ASES) Shoulder Score and a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain. Results: Seventy-six patients played a sport preoperatively and met inclusion and exclusion criteria. The average follow-up was 31.6 months (range, 12-65 months), and average age was 74.8 years (range, 49.9-92.6 years). Average VAS pain scores improved from 6.57 to 0.63 (P <.001). Average ASES scores improved from 34.30 to 81.45 (P <.001). Subjectively, 11.8% of patients complained of stiffness and 10.5% complained of chronic pain. After RTSA, 85.5% of patients returned to at least 1 sport. Average time to return to full sports was 5.3 months. Fitness sports had the highest direct rate of return (81.5%), followed by swimming (66.7%), running (57.1%), cycling (50.0%), and golf (50%). Postoperatively, 41.1% of patients reported improved physical fitness; 88.2% felt that their sports outcome was good to excellent, and 93.4% felt that their surgical outcome was good to excellent. Conclusion: Patients undergoing RTSA had an 85% rate of return to 1 or more sporting activities at an average of 5.3 months after surgery. Age greater than 70 years was a significant predictor of decreased return to activities. The present study offers valuable information to help manage patient and surgeon expectations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2816-2821
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015


  • physical fitness
  • reverse total shoulder arthroplasty
  • shoulder replacement
  • sports

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