Pathways Through Early Psychosis Care for U.S. Youths From Ethnically and Racially Minoritized Groups: A Systematic Review

Neely Myers, Matthew Hutnyan, Tamara C. Daley, Iruma Bello, Marne Chacon, Ariel Currie, Beshaun J. Davis, Lisa B. Dixon, Preethy E. George, Anna Giannicchi, Anita N. Kwashie, Katie A. McCormick, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Arundati Nagendra, Swati Nayar, Deepak K. Sarpal, Tiana Y. Sepahpour, Daniel I. Shapiro, Jessica Taylor-Zoghby

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: The authors of this systematic review examined service utilization and outcomes among youths from ethnoracially minoritized groups after the youths initiated treatment for a psychotic disorder-that is, the youths' "pathway through care." Also examined were potential moderating variables in pathways through care for these youths at the clinic, family, and cultural levels. The goal was to describe methodologies, summarize relevant findings, highlight knowledge gaps, and propose future research on pathways through care for young persons from ethnoracially minoritized groups who experience early psychosis. METHODS: The PubMed, PsycInfo, and Web of Science literature databases were systematically searched for studies published between January 1, 2010, and June 1, 2021. Included articles were from the United States and focused on young people after they initiated treatment for early psychosis. Eighteen studies met inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Sixteen of the 18 studies were published in the past 5 years, and 11 had an explicit focus on race and ethnicity as defined by the studies' authors. Studies varied in terminology, outcomes measures, methodologies, and depth of analysis. Being an individual from an ethnoracially minoritized group appeared to affect care utilization and outcomes. Insufficient research was found about potential moderating variables at the clinic, family, and cultural levels. CONCLUSIONS: Studies of pathways through care for persons from minoritized groups warrant further funding and attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-868
Number of pages10
JournalPsychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescents
  • Culture
  • Engagement
  • Ethnic groups
  • Health care utilization
  • Racism

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Journal Article
  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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