Pasteurella haemolytica A1 and Bovine Respiratory Disease: Pathogenesis

Laurence O. Whiteley, Samuel K. Maheswaran, Douglas J. Weiss, Trevor R. Ames, Mathur S. Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Scopus citations

Abstract

The severe fibrinonecrotic pneumonia associated with pneumonic pasteurellosis usually results from colonization of the lower respiratory tract by Pasteurella haemolytica biotype A, serotype 1(A1). Despite recent research efforts, the authors lack a detailed understanding of the interactions and host response to P. haemolytica in the respiratory tract. The authors hypothesize that management and environmental stress factors or viral infection alters the upper respiratory tract (URT) epithelium allowing P. haemolytica to colonize the epithelium. Once the URT is colonized, large numbers of organisms enter the lung where they interact with alveolar macrophages. Endotoxin, released from the bacteria, crosses the alveolar wall where it activates pulmonary intravascular macrophages, endothelium, neutrophils, lymphocytes, platelets, complement, and Hageman factor leading to complex interactions of cells and mediators. It is the progression of this inflammatory response with neutrophil influx that is ultimately responsible for the pulmonary injury. Leukotoxin is a major virulence factor of P. haemolytica that allows it to survive by destroying phagocytic cells. At subcytolytic concentrations it may also enhance the inflammatory response by activating cells to produce mediators and release reactive oxygen metabolites and proteases. (Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 1992; 6:11–22)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-22
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of veterinary internal medicine
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1992

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