Parvalbumin isoforms for enhancing cardiac diastolic function

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Abstract

Diastolic heart failure (DHF), characterized by depressed myocardial relaxation performance and poor ventricular filling, is a distinct form of heart failure accounting for nearly half of the heart failure patients with otherwise normal systolic performance. Defective intracellular calcium (Ca2+) cycling is an important mechanism underlying impaired relaxation in DHF. Recently, genetic manipulation of Ca2+ handling proteins in cardiac myocytes has been explored for its potential therapeutic application in DHF. Specifically, ectopic expression of the skeletal muscle Ca2+ binding protein parvalbumin (Parv) has been shown to accelerate myocardial relaxation in vitro and in vivo. Parv acts as a unique "delayed" Ca2+ buffer during diastole by promoting Ca2+ transient decay and sequestration and corrects diastolic dysfunction in an energy-independent manner. This brief review summarizes the rationale and development of Parv gene transfer approaches for DHF, and in particular, discusses the divergent effects of Parv isoforms on cardiac myocyte Ca2+ handling and contractile function with the long-range goal of alleviating diastolic dysfunction in DHF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalCell biochemistry and biophysics
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

Keywords

  • Calcium binding protein
  • Gene transfer
  • Heart failure

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