We analyze one particle, two-center quantum problems which admit separation of variables in prolate spheroidal coordinates, a natural restriction satisfied by the H+2molecular ion. The symmetry operator is constructed explicitly. We give the details of the Hamiltonian reduction of the 3D system to a 2D system with modified potential that is separable in elliptic coordinates. The potentials for which there is double-periodicity of the Schrodinger operator in the space of prolate spheroidal coordinates, including one for the H+2molecular ion, are indicated. We study possible potentials that admit exactsolvability is as well as allmodels known to us with the (quasi)-exact-solvability property for the separation equations. We find deep connections between second-order superintegrable and conformally superintegrable systems and these tractable problems. In particular we derive a general four-parameter expression for a model potential that is always exactly-solvable and integrable and is conformally superintegrable for some parameter choices.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical|
|State||Published - 2014|
- elliptic coordinates
- one particle two centers