Participation in a National Lifestyle Change Program is associated with improved diabetes Control outcomes

Sandra L. Jackson, Lisa R. Staimez, Sandra Safo, Qi Long, Mary K. Rhee, Solveig A. Cunningham, Darin E. Olson, Anne M. Tomolo, Usha Ramakrishnan, Venkat K.M. Narayan, Lawrence S. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims Clinical trials show lifestyle change programs are beneficial, yet large-scale, successful translation of these programs is scarce. We investigated the association between participation in the largest U.S. lifestyle change program, MOVE!, and diabetes control outcomes. Methods This longitudinal, retrospective cohort study used Veterans Health Administration databases of patients with diabetes who participated in MOVE! between 2005 and 2012, or met eligibility criteria (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) but did not participate. Main outcomes were diabetic eye disease, renal disease, and medication intensification. Results There were 400,170 eligible patients with diabetes, including 87,366 (22%) MOVE! participants. Included patients were 96% male, 77% white, with mean age 58 years and BMI 34 kg/m2. Controlling for baseline measurements and age, race, sex, BMI, and antidiabetes medications, MOVE! participants had lower body weight (− 0.6 kg), random plasma glucose (− 2.8 mg/dL), and HbA1c (− 0.1%) at 12 months compared to nonparticipants (each p < 0.001). In multivariable Cox models, MOVE! participants had lower incidence of eye disease (hazard ratio 0.80, 95% CI 0.75–0.84) and renal disease (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.86–0.92) and reduced medication intensification (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.80–0.84). Conclusions If able to overcome participation challenges, lifestyle change programs in U.S. health systems may improve health among the growing patient population with diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1430-1436
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Diabetes and Its Complications
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Diabetes complications
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Veterans
  • Weight loss
  • Weight reduction programs

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