Partial separability and entanglement criteria for multiqubit quantum states

Jozef B Uffink, M P Seevinck

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We explore the subtle relationships between partial separability and entanglement of subsystems in multiqubit quantum states and give experimentally accessible conditions that distinguish between various classes and levels of partial separability in a hierarchical order. These conditions take the form of bounds on the correlations of locally orthogonal observables. Violations of such inequalities give strong sufficient criteria for various forms of partial inseparability and multiqubit entanglement. The strength of these criteria is illustrated by showing that they are stronger than several other well-known entanglement criteria (the fidelity criterion, violation of Mermin-type separability inequalities, the Laskowski-Żukowski criterion, and the Dür-Cirac criterion) and also by showing their great noise robustness for a variety of multiqubit states, including N -qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states and Dicke states. Furthermore, for N≥3 they can detect bound entangled states. For all these states, the required number of measurement settings for implementation of the entanglement criteria is shown to be only N+1. If one chooses the familiar Pauli matrices as single-qubit observables, the inequalities take the form of bounds on the antidiagonal matrix elements of a state in terms of its diagonal matrix elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number032101
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2008


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