Partial biliary obstruction caused by chronic pancreatitis. An appraisal of indications for surgical biliary drainage

T. J. Stahl, M. O'Connor Allen, H. J. Ansel, J. A. Vennes

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63 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a retrospective review of 38 patients with intrapancreatic bile duct strictures secondary to chronic alcoholic pancreatitis. The strictures were identified by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). All patients with pancreatic cancer and gallstone pancreatitis were excluded. The mean alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin values were 344 ± 57 IU/dl and 4.4 ± 0.7 mg/dl, respectively. The mean stricture length was 3.9 ± 0.5 cm, and the mean common bile duct (CBD) diameter was 1.8 ± 0.2 cm. The degree of bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase elevation did not correlate with stricture length or the severity of bile duct dilatation. Eighteen of the 38 patients received surgical biliary drainage (BD) as part of their initial therapy, and 20 patients did not. Liver function tests, intrapancreatic stricture length, and the degree of proximal CBD dilation were comparable in these two groups. Patients not undergoing BD did well clinically as only one patient required BD over an average follow-up period of 3.8 years. In conclusion, bypass of these strictures is usually unnecessary, and most patients may be safely treated without operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume207
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

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