Parkinson's disease motor subtype changes during 20 years of follow-up

Robert S. Eisinger, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Christopher W. Hess, Leonardo Almeida, Michael S. Okun, Aysegul Gunduz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-107
Number of pages4
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
C.W.H. receives grant support from the University of Florida Clinical and Translational Research Institute, which is supported in part by NIH award KL2 TR001429. He has served as a research committee member for the Michael J. Fox Foundation and as a speaker for the National Parkinson Foundation, the Parkinson's Disease Foundation, and the Davis Phinney Foundation. Dr. Hess has participated in CME and educational activities on movement disorders sponsored by Allergan, Ipsen, Mertz Pharmaceuticals, Peerview Online, and QuantiaMD.

Funding Information:
M.S.O. serves as a consultant for the National Parkinson Foundation and has received research grants from NIH, NPF, the Michael J. Fox Foundation, the Parkinson Alliance, Smallwood Foundation, the Bachmann-Strauss Foundation, the Tourette Syndrome Association, and the UF Foundation. M.S.O.'s DBS research is supported by: R01 NR014852. M.S.O. has previously received honoraria, but in the past >60 months has received no support from industry. M.S.O. has received royalties for publications with Demos, Manson, Amazon, Smashwords, Books4Patients, and Cambridge (movement disorders books). M.S.O. is an associate editor for New England Journal of Medicine Journal Watch Neurology . M.S.O. has participated in CME and educational activities on movement disorders (in the last 36) months sponsored by PeerView, Prime, QuantiaMD, WebMD, MedNet, Henry Stewart, and by Vanderbilt University. The institution and not M.S.O. receives grants from Medtronic, AbbVie, Allergan, and ANS/St. Jude, and the Principal Investigator (PI) has no financial interest in these grants. M.S.O. has participated as a site PI and/or Co-Investigator for several NIH, foundation, and industry sponsored trials over the years, but has not received honoraria.

Funding Information:
This work is supported by a UF Pruitt Family Endowed Faculty Fellowship and by the NIH/NCATS Clinical and Translational Science Awards to the University of Florida UL1TR001427 , KL2TR001429 , and TL1TR001428 .

Funding Information:
We would like to acknowledge the support of the INFORM database and the Parkinson's Foundation Center of Excellence located at the University of Florida site.


  • Clustering
  • Motor subtypes
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Subtyping

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