Parenting Style as a Predictor of Adolescent Weight and Weight-Related Behaviors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Current research indicates that specific parenting styles are associated with adolescent overweight, dietary intake, and physical activity; but most of the research has been cross-sectional, making it difficult to determine the temporal order of these associations. The current study adds to the previous research by examining 5-year longitudinal associations between parenting style and adolescent weight and weight-related behaviors. Methods: Data from Project EAT, a population-based study with adolescents from diverse ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds, were used. Adolescents (N = 2,516) from 31 Minnesota schools completed in-class assessments in 1999 (Time 1) and mailed surveys in 2004 (Time 2). Multiple linear regression models were used to predict mean levels of adolescent outcomes at Time 2 from parenting style at Time 1. Results: Time 1 maternal authoritative parenting style predicted lower body mass index in adolescent sons and daughters at Time 2. Time 1 paternal permissive parenting style predicted more fruits and vegetables intake in daughters at Time 2. Significant associations were not found between parenting style and adolescent physical activity. Conclusions: Findings suggest that authoritative parenting style may play a protective role related to adolescent overweight and that the dimension of warmth and/or caring in the parent-adolescent relationship may be important in relation to female adolescent healthy dietary intake. Further exploration of opposite sex parent-adolescent dyad patterns related to parenting style and adolescent weight and weight-related behaviors is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

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Parenting
Weights and Measures
Nuclear Family
Linear Models
Research
Exercise
Vegetables
Fruit
Body Mass Index
Mothers

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Parenting style

Cite this

Parenting Style as a Predictor of Adolescent Weight and Weight-Related Behaviors. / Berge, Jerica M.; Wall, Melanie; Loth, Katie; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 46, No. 4, 01.04.2010, p. 331-338.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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