Using data from a nationally representative sample, this study investigated substance use disorder (SUD) among respondents with ages 15-54 years as a function of their parents' substance-related impairment and parents' treatment history. In addition, associations among maternal and paternal substance-related impairment, specific parenting behaviors, and risk for SUD in the proband were examined. As expected, parental substance-related impairment was associated with SUD. Paternal treatment history was associated with a decreased risk for SUD in the proband but did not appear to be associated with positive parenting practices. Results of post hoc analyses suggested that parenting behaviors might operate differently to influence SUD risk in children where parents are affected by substance use problems compared with nonaffected families. Future research is warranted to better understand the complex relationships among parental substance use, treatment, parenting behaviors, and SUD risk in offspring. Opportunities might exist within treatment settings to improve parenting skills.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
During the time of this work, Dr. Arria received funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse ( P50-DA02784 and R01-DA14845 ) and the Betty Ford Institute. Dr. Winters received funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse ( P50-DA02784 and K02DA015347 ).
- Drug abuse
- Family history
- Substance use disorders