Parental role modeling of fruits and vegetables at meals and snacks is associated with children's adequate consumption

Michelle Draxten, Jayne A. Fulkerson, Sarah Friend, Colleen F. Flattum, Robin Schow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research has shown that parental role modeling of healthful eating behaviors is positively correlated to children's dietary intake and fruit and vegetable (F&V) preferences. The purpose of this study is to (1) examine associations between parent and child report of parental role modeling of F&V consumption at snacks and dinner and (2) determine whether parental role modeling is associated with children meeting daily F&V recommendations. Parent-child dyads (N=160) participating in the HOME Plus study completed baseline surveys on parental role modeling of F&V at snacks and dinner. Children also completed 24-hour dietary recalls. Spearman correlations and chi-square/Fisher's exact tests were used to examine relationships between parent and child report of parental role modeling of F&V at snacks and dinner and whether children met daily recommendations. On average, children consumed less than three daily servings of F&V with only 23% consuming the recommended servings. Statistically significant correlations were seen between parent and child report of parental role modeling fruit at dinner and green salad at dinner. Children who reported parental role modeling of vegetables at snack and salad at dinner were significantly more likely, than those who did not, to meet daily F&V recommendations. Parents who reported role modeling fruit at snack were significantly more likely to have children who met daily F&V recommendations. Results indicate that children are aware of their parents' eating behaviors and on occasion report this behavior similarly to their parents. Parents should be encouraged to utilize the opportunity to role model healthful dietary intake, especially at snacks, where consumption of F&V appears low.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAppetite
Volume78
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014

Fingerprint

Snacks
Vegetables
Meals
Fruit
Parents
Feeding Behavior
Parent-Child Relations

Keywords

  • Child nutrition
  • Family meals
  • Fruit and vegetable
  • Parent
  • Role modeling
  • Snacks

Cite this

Parental role modeling of fruits and vegetables at meals and snacks is associated with children's adequate consumption. / Draxten, Michelle; Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Friend, Sarah; Flattum, Colleen F.; Schow, Robin.

In: Appetite, Vol. 78, 01.07.2014, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4d3b4de43fa648acaa9d1a70ed3fd5af,
title = "Parental role modeling of fruits and vegetables at meals and snacks is associated with children's adequate consumption",
abstract = "Research has shown that parental role modeling of healthful eating behaviors is positively correlated to children's dietary intake and fruit and vegetable (F&V) preferences. The purpose of this study is to (1) examine associations between parent and child report of parental role modeling of F&V consumption at snacks and dinner and (2) determine whether parental role modeling is associated with children meeting daily F&V recommendations. Parent-child dyads (N=160) participating in the HOME Plus study completed baseline surveys on parental role modeling of F&V at snacks and dinner. Children also completed 24-hour dietary recalls. Spearman correlations and chi-square/Fisher's exact tests were used to examine relationships between parent and child report of parental role modeling of F&V at snacks and dinner and whether children met daily recommendations. On average, children consumed less than three daily servings of F&V with only 23{\%} consuming the recommended servings. Statistically significant correlations were seen between parent and child report of parental role modeling fruit at dinner and green salad at dinner. Children who reported parental role modeling of vegetables at snack and salad at dinner were significantly more likely, than those who did not, to meet daily F&V recommendations. Parents who reported role modeling fruit at snack were significantly more likely to have children who met daily F&V recommendations. Results indicate that children are aware of their parents' eating behaviors and on occasion report this behavior similarly to their parents. Parents should be encouraged to utilize the opportunity to role model healthful dietary intake, especially at snacks, where consumption of F&V appears low.",
keywords = "Child nutrition, Family meals, Fruit and vegetable, Parent, Role modeling, Snacks",
author = "Michelle Draxten and Fulkerson, {Jayne A.} and Sarah Friend and Flattum, {Colleen F.} and Robin Schow",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.appet.2014.02.017",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "78",
pages = "1--7",
journal = "Appetite",
issn = "0195-6663",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parental role modeling of fruits and vegetables at meals and snacks is associated with children's adequate consumption

AU - Draxten, Michelle

AU - Fulkerson, Jayne A.

AU - Friend, Sarah

AU - Flattum, Colleen F.

AU - Schow, Robin

PY - 2014/7/1

Y1 - 2014/7/1

N2 - Research has shown that parental role modeling of healthful eating behaviors is positively correlated to children's dietary intake and fruit and vegetable (F&V) preferences. The purpose of this study is to (1) examine associations between parent and child report of parental role modeling of F&V consumption at snacks and dinner and (2) determine whether parental role modeling is associated with children meeting daily F&V recommendations. Parent-child dyads (N=160) participating in the HOME Plus study completed baseline surveys on parental role modeling of F&V at snacks and dinner. Children also completed 24-hour dietary recalls. Spearman correlations and chi-square/Fisher's exact tests were used to examine relationships between parent and child report of parental role modeling of F&V at snacks and dinner and whether children met daily recommendations. On average, children consumed less than three daily servings of F&V with only 23% consuming the recommended servings. Statistically significant correlations were seen between parent and child report of parental role modeling fruit at dinner and green salad at dinner. Children who reported parental role modeling of vegetables at snack and salad at dinner were significantly more likely, than those who did not, to meet daily F&V recommendations. Parents who reported role modeling fruit at snack were significantly more likely to have children who met daily F&V recommendations. Results indicate that children are aware of their parents' eating behaviors and on occasion report this behavior similarly to their parents. Parents should be encouraged to utilize the opportunity to role model healthful dietary intake, especially at snacks, where consumption of F&V appears low.

AB - Research has shown that parental role modeling of healthful eating behaviors is positively correlated to children's dietary intake and fruit and vegetable (F&V) preferences. The purpose of this study is to (1) examine associations between parent and child report of parental role modeling of F&V consumption at snacks and dinner and (2) determine whether parental role modeling is associated with children meeting daily F&V recommendations. Parent-child dyads (N=160) participating in the HOME Plus study completed baseline surveys on parental role modeling of F&V at snacks and dinner. Children also completed 24-hour dietary recalls. Spearman correlations and chi-square/Fisher's exact tests were used to examine relationships between parent and child report of parental role modeling of F&V at snacks and dinner and whether children met daily recommendations. On average, children consumed less than three daily servings of F&V with only 23% consuming the recommended servings. Statistically significant correlations were seen between parent and child report of parental role modeling fruit at dinner and green salad at dinner. Children who reported parental role modeling of vegetables at snack and salad at dinner were significantly more likely, than those who did not, to meet daily F&V recommendations. Parents who reported role modeling fruit at snack were significantly more likely to have children who met daily F&V recommendations. Results indicate that children are aware of their parents' eating behaviors and on occasion report this behavior similarly to their parents. Parents should be encouraged to utilize the opportunity to role model healthful dietary intake, especially at snacks, where consumption of F&V appears low.

KW - Child nutrition

KW - Family meals

KW - Fruit and vegetable

KW - Parent

KW - Role modeling

KW - Snacks

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896977822&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84896977822&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.appet.2014.02.017

DO - 10.1016/j.appet.2014.02.017

M3 - Article

C2 - 24630934

AN - SCOPUS:84896977822

VL - 78

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Appetite

JF - Appetite

SN - 0195-6663

ER -