Parental occupational paint exposure and risk of childhood leukemia in the offspring: findings from the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium

Helen D. Bailey, Lin Fritschi, Catherine Metayer, Claire Infante-Rivard, Corrado Magnani, Eleni Petridou, Eve Roman, Logan G. Spector, Peter Kaatsch, Jacqueline Clavel, Elizabeth Milne, John D. Dockerty, Deborah C. Glass, Tracy Lightfoot, Lucia Miligi, Jérémie Rudant, Margarita Baka, Roberto Rondelli, Alicia Amigou, Jill SimpsonAlice Y. Kang, Maria Moschovi, Joachim Schüz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Purpose: It has been suggested that parental occupational paint exposure around the time of conception or pregnancy increases the risk of childhood leukemia in the offspring.

Methods: We obtained individual level data from 13 case–control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. Occupational data were harmonized to a compatible format. Meta-analyses of study-specific odds ratios (ORs) were undertaken, as well as pooled analyses of individual data using unconditional logistic regression.

Results: Using individual data from fathers of 8,185 cases and 14,210 controls, the pooled OR for paternal exposure around conception and risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was 0.93 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.76, 1.14]. Analysis of data from 8,156 ALL case mothers and 14,568 control mothers produced a pooled OR of 0.81 (95 % CI 0.39, 1.68) for exposure during pregnancy. For acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the pooled ORs for paternal and maternal exposure were 0.96 (95 % CI 0.65, 1.41) and 1.31 (95 % CI 0.38, 4.47), respectively, based on data from 1,231 case and 11,392 control fathers and 1,329 case and 12,141 control mothers. Heterogeneity among the individual studies ranged from low to modest.

Conclusions: Null findings for paternal exposure for both ALL and AML are consistent with previous reports. Despite the large sample size, results for maternal exposure to paints in pregnancy were based on small numbers of exposed. Overall, we found no evidence that parental occupational exposure to paints increases the risk of leukemia in the offspring, but further data on home exposure are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1351-1367
Number of pages17
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 11 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.


  • Childhood
  • Leukemia
  • Meta-analysis
  • Paint
  • Parental occupation
  • Pooled analysis


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