Parental economic hardship and children's achievement orientations

Jeylan T. Mortimer, Lei Zhang, Jeanette Hussemann, Chen Yu Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

While children's orientations to achievement are strong predictors of attainments, little is known about how parental economic hardship during recessionary times influences children's orientations to their futures. The Youth Development Study has followed a community sample of young people in St Paul, Minnesota, from mid-adolescence through their mid-thirties with near-annual surveys, and has recently begun surveying the children of this cohort. Using linked parent and child data, the present study examines the relationship between parental economic hardship and children's achievement orientations in the aftermath of the recent "Great Recession." Initial OLS analyses draw on 345 parent-child pairs, with data collected from parents during their adolescence, during the decade prior to the recession, and in 2011, and from their children (age 11 and older) in 2011. Then, first difference models are estimated, based on a smaller sample (N=186) of parents and children who completed surveys in both 2009 and 2011. Our findings indicate that when families are more vulnerable, as a result of low parental education and prior parental unemployment experience, children's achievement orientations are more strongly threatened by the family's economic circumstances. For example, as parental financial problems increased, economic expectations declined only among children of the least well-educated parents. Low household incomes diminished educational aspirations only when parents experienced unemployment during the ten years prior to the recent recession. Parental achievement orientations, as adolescents, were also found to moderate the impacts of shifts in the family's economic circumstances. Finally, boys reacted more strongly to their parents' hardship than girls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-128
Number of pages24
JournalLongitudinal and Life Course Studies
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescent vocational development
  • Economic expectations
  • Economic hardship
  • Educational aspirations
  • Great recession
  • Parental unemployment

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