Purpose: To evaluate relationships between parents' and adolescents' physical activity and television usage and whether these relationships differed among adolescents from different racial/ethnic backgrounds. Methods: Adolescents and their parents were separately asked to report information about their eating, exercising, and weight-related behaviors. Among the 900 adolescents, 477 were girls and 423 were boys; 60% were in high school; 29% were white, 23% were black, 21% were Asian, 14% were Hispanic, and 13% were considered mixed or other race/ethnicity. Results: Parents' reported encouragement was positively related to physical activity in white (r = 0.39; p < .001) and black boys (r = 0.26; p = .007), and girls (all race/ethnic groups combined: r = 0.15; p < .001). Parents' television time was positively related to television time in Hispanic boys (r = 0.40; p = .009) but negatively related to television time in black boys (r = -0.23; p = .036). Parents' concern about their own fitness was negatively related to television time in white girls (r = -0.19; p = .029) but positively related in black girls (r = 0.23; p = .030). Conclusion: This study found significant, although modest, relationships between parents' and adolescents' physical activity attitudes and behaviors. Many of these relationships differed by race/ethnicity. Results from the present and previous studies suggest that factors other than parents' behavior and support explain adolescents' physical activity behaviors.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by Grant MCJ-270834 (D. Neumark-Sztainer, principal investigator) from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (Title V, Social Security Act), Health Resources and Service Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Preparation of the manuscript was also supported by Grant DK-50456 from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Gender differences
- Physical activity
- Television usage