Parent perceptions of neighborhood

Relationships with US youth physical activity and weight status

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context is important for understanding and making change to improve health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between parent perceptions of neighborhood and youth aerobic physical activity and weight. This study is a secondary data analysis of 64,076 parents and guardians of children and adolescents (6-17 years) participating in the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between neighborhood characteristics, including constructs for social capital, physical condition, resource availability, and safety, and youth likelihood of meeting healthy standards for physical activity and weight. Neighborhood characteristics, including social capital, resource availability, and safety were significantly associated with increased likelihood of youth achieving healthy physical activity and normal weight parameters even with adjustment for individual and familylevel demographic and behavioral characteristics. Findings support neighborhood assessment during behavioral counseling and continued exploration of neighborhood context as a means to positively impact youth physical activity and weight outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

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Exercise
Weights and Measures
Logistic Models
Safety
Counseling
Parents
Demography
Health
Social Capital

Keywords

  • Aerobic activity
  • Body mass index
  • Cardiovascular health indicator
  • Neighborhood context

Cite this

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abstract = "Context is important for understanding and making change to improve health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between parent perceptions of neighborhood and youth aerobic physical activity and weight. This study is a secondary data analysis of 64,076 parents and guardians of children and adolescents (6-17 years) participating in the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between neighborhood characteristics, including constructs for social capital, physical condition, resource availability, and safety, and youth likelihood of meeting healthy standards for physical activity and weight. Neighborhood characteristics, including social capital, resource availability, and safety were significantly associated with increased likelihood of youth achieving healthy physical activity and normal weight parameters even with adjustment for individual and familylevel demographic and behavioral characteristics. Findings support neighborhood assessment during behavioral counseling and continued exploration of neighborhood context as a means to positively impact youth physical activity and weight outcomes.",
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