Parathyroid hormone is associated with incident diabetes in white, but not black adults: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

J. P. Reis, E. Selvin, J. S. Pankow, E. D. Michos, C. M. Rebholz, P. L. Lutsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Accumulating evidence has linked elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) with insulin resistance, beta cell dysfunction and dysglycaemia, however, its role in the development of diabetes is largely unclear, particularly among non-whites. We sought to examine the association of PTH with the incidence of diabetes. Methods: We studied 8066 white and 2034 black adults aged 46-70 years at baseline (1990-92) from the ARIC Study with follow-up for incident diabetes ascertained during study visits conducted in 1993-95 and 1996-98. Hazard ratios (HR) and their 95% CIs for diabetes adjusted for demographics, lifestyle, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D were estimated according to PTH measured at baseline. Results: PTH was higher among blacks than whites (median [IQR], 43.8 [35.0-55.8] vs. 37.9 [30.4-47.3] pg/mL; P < 0.001). During a median follow-up of 6 years, 498 white and 167 black participants developed diabetes. The association of PTH with diabetes varied significantly by race (P-interaction 0.02). PTH was not associated with risk for diabetes among black adults. Among whites, HRs according to quintiles of PTH were 1 (referent), 0.95 (0.71, 1.29), 0.95 (0.70, 1.28), 1.12 (0.84, 1.51), and 1.31 (0.98, 1.76) (P-trend 0.03). When a clinical cut-point for PTH was applied (≥ 65 pg/mL; 5.7% of whites), the HR for diabetes among whites was 1.38 (1.01, 1.88). Results were similar when restricted to participants with normal baseline kidney function. Conclusion: In this large, population-based study, elevated PTH was independently associated with risk for diabetes among white, but not black adults. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanisms that may underlie this differential association of PTH with diabetes across race groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-169
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study is carried out as a collaborative study supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) contracts (HHSN268201100005C, HHSN268201100006C, HHSN268201100007C, HHSN268201100008C, HHSN268201100009C, HHSN268201100010C, HHSN268201100011C, and HHSN268201100012C). Further support was obtained by grant R01 HL103706 from the NHLBI with a supplement from the NIH Office of Dietary Supplements (to Dr. Lutsey), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (R01NS072243 to Dr. Michos), as well as the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (R01 DK089174 to Dr. Selvin).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 .

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Prospective study
  • Race

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