This study provides an argument for syntactic approaches to sluicing. We base our study on the novel observation that Parasitic Gaps (PG) are licensed in sluicing contexts. We show that, in order for PGs to be licensed in sluicing contexts, overt wh-movement must occur, leaving a real gap in the ellipsis site. Therefore, the ellipsis site has the full-fledged syntactic structure that licenses PGs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank three anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions. We would also like to thank Mark Baltin, Matthew Barros, Sandy Chung, Jeroen van Craenenbroeck, Alex Drummond, Tomohiro Fujii, Theresa Gregoire, John Hale, Norbert Hornstein, Chris Kennedy, Dave Kush, Bradley Larson, Howard Lasnik, Jeff Lidz, Jim McCloskey, Jason Merchant, Jeff Runner, Koji Sugisaki, Kensuke Takita, Gary Thoms, Gregory Ward and Ming Xiang, for their valuable comments and suggestions to the earlier version of this work. We are grateful to the audience of GLOW 37 and CLS 49. This work has been supported in part by NSF grant BCS-1323245 awarded to Masaya Yoshida.
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- Parasitic Gaps