Parallel stranded DNA stabilized with internal sugar cross-links: Synthesis and click ligation of oligonucleotides containing 2′-propargylated isoguanosine

Suresh S. Pujari, Frank Seela

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Internal sugar cross-links were introduced for the first time into oligonucleotides with parallel chain orientation by click ligation. For this, the 2′- or 3′-position of the isoguanosine ribose moiety was functionalized with clickable propargyl residues, and the synthesis of propargylated cytosine building blocks was significantly improved. Phosphoramidites were prepared and employed in solid-phase synthesis. A series of oligo-2′-deoxyribonucleotides with parallel (ps) and antiparallel (aps) strand orientation were constructed containing isoguanine-cytosine, isoguanine-isocytosine, and adenine-thymine base pairs. Complementary oligonucleotides with propargylated sugar residues were ligated in a stepwise manner with a chelating bis-azide under copper catalysis. Cross-links were introduced within a base pair or in positions separated by two base pairs. From Tm stability studies it is evident that cross-linking stabilizes DNA with parallel strand orientation strongly (ΔTm from +16 to +18.5 C) with a similar increase as for aps DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8545-8561
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume78
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2013

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