Solving the Kohn-Sham eigenvalue problem constitutes the most computationally expensive part in self-consistent density functional theory (DFT) calculations. In a previous paper, we have proposed a nonlinear Chebyshev-filtered subspace iteration method, which avoids computing explicit eigenvectors except at the first self-consistent-field (SCF) iteration. The method may be viewed as an approach to solve the original nonlinear Kohn-Sham equation by a nonlinear subspace iteration technique, without emphasizing the intermediate linearized Kohn-Sham eigenvalue problems. It reaches self-consistency within a similar number of SCF iterations as eigensolver-based approaches. However, replacing the standard diagonalization at each SCF iteration by a Chebyshev subspace filtering step results in a significant speedup over methods based on standard diagonalization. Here, we discuss an approach for implementing this method in multi-processor, parallel environment. Numerical results are presented to show that the method enables to perform a class of highly challenging DFT calculations that were not feasible before.
|Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
|Published - 2006