We pose and solve the existence of 2-factorizations of complete graphs and complete bipartite graphs that have the number of cycles per 2-factor varying, called pancomponented. Such 2-factorizations exist for all such graphs. The pancomponented problem requires a slight generalization of the methods used to solve pancyclic 2-factorization problem, by building 2-factors from cyclically generated 1-factors. These two solutions are offered as the basic approaches to constructing the two essential parameters of a 2-factorization: the size and the number of cycles in the 2-factors.
- Cycle decomposition
- Oberwolfach problem