Pain in individuals with intellectual disabilities

Abagail Raiter, Alyssa Merbler, Chantel C. Burkitt, Frank J. Symons, Tim F. Oberlander

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Expression of pain by individuals with intellectual and related developmental disabilities (e.g. cerebral palsy) and disorders (e.g. autism) is frequently ambiguous and its recognition by caregivers and health care providers can be highly subjective. Until the early 2000s, pain in people with intellectual disability (ID) received little scientific attention and as study participants, individuals with ID have been historically and systematically excluded from pain and related research. This chapter provides an overview of several issues inherent to assessing and managing pain among children and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Acute procedural or postoperative pain management requires the same imaginative approach used in other health care settings. Among individuals where multiple medications are needed to manage a diverse number of conditions it is especially important to be aware of potential drug interactions and the potential for genetic variation in drug response and metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical Pain Management
Subtitle of host publicationA Practical Guide, Second Edition
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781119701170
ISBN (Print)9781119701156
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. All rights reserved.


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