Bradykinin (BK), an endogenous algesic and sensitizing substance, excited nociceptors and sensitized their heat responses. These effects were mediated by B2 receptors (B2Rs) in normal condition, and B1 receptors were additionally recruited in inflammation. B2Rs were coupled with Gq/11 and their activation resulted in diacylglycerol and inositol triphosphate release. Diacylglycerol activated protein kinase (PK) Cε in sensory neurons. To clarify what channel was modulated by PKC to depolarize nociceptor terminals, we examined the heat activation threshold (Tt) of heat-sensitive capsaicin receptor (TRPV1). Tt was lowered down to 31°C by BK in concentration dependent manner through activation of PKCε in cells heterologously expressing TRPV1 and B2Rs. Thus both excitation and sensitization to heat could be explained by one mechanism, lowering Tt of TRPV1. The same was observed in capsaicin-sensitive primary sensory neurons. However, TRPV1 knockout mice showed almost no change in BK-induced nociceptive behavior and nociceptor excitation, although BK-induced heat hyperalgesia completely disappeared, suggesting that TRPV1 was not the sole channel that was modulated by BK to depolarize nociceptor terminals. In addition nociceptor sensitivity to BK was augmented in inflamed animals, with B2R mRNA and protein upregulated. The mechanism for prostaglandin-induced augmentation of BK response is left open for future study.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology|
|State||Published - Feb 2005|
- B2 bradykinin receptor