Abstract: Proliferation and migration disorders of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contribute to the pathogenesis of proliferative cardiovascular diseases. Although, over the past two decades, a large panel of drugs has been developed for targeting VSMC proliferation, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Thus, there is a compelling need to identify novel signaling pathways and molecules controlling VSMC proliferation and migration, to provide not only mechanistic insights but also safe and effective therapies for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Our recent studies have demonstrated that p55γ, a regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, functions as an endogenous brake on VSMC proliferation. Here, we demonstrate that the small peptide N24, the first 24 amino acids of the NH2 terminus of p55γ, is a functional mimetic which negatively regulates VSMC proliferation and migration. Specifically, luminal delivery of adenovirus expressing N24 or local administration of Tat transactivator protein (TAT)-tagged N24 by pluronic gel alleviates neointimal formation following balloon injury in rat carotid arteries. Enforced expression of N24 suppresses the proliferation and migration of VSMCs induced by serum- or platelet-derived growth factor-BB. Mechanistically, N24 induces cell cycle arrest via activating the p53–p21 signal pathway, without triggering cell death. N24 interacts with and stabilizes p53 by blocking its ubiquitin-dependent degradation, subsequently promotes p21 transcription, and arrests cell cycle progression. Indeed, knockdown of p21 or p53 abrogates the N24-mediated cell growth arrest. Thus, N24 is a p55γ mimetic inhibiting VSMC proliferation as well as migration, thereby conferring important therapeutic implications for anti-proliferative treatment. Key message: N24 attenuates balloon injury-induced neointimal formation.Overexpression of N24 inhibits cultured VSMC proliferation and migration.Overexpression of N24 arrests the cell cycle at S phase.N24 interacts with and stabilizes p53 resulting in growth suppression.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Dr. X. Xia for the generous gift of Ad-N24 and TAT-N24, and J Zhang and N Hou for their excellent technical supports. This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2012CB944500, 2012CB518000, and 2013CB531200), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (9143910034, 81370233, 81370234, 81130073, 81170100 and 31221002), and the Beijing Municipal Scientific and Technology Commission (2007B005).
© 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
- Neointimal formation
- Vascular smooth muscle cells