Background: Left atrial (LA) dilation provides a substrate for mitral regurgitation (MR) and atrial arrhythmias. ECG can screen for LA dilation but standard approaches do not assess LA geometry as a continuum, as does non-invasive imaging. This study tested ECG-quantified P wave area as an index of LA geometry. Methods and Results: 342 patients with CAD underwent ECG and CMR within 7 (0.1±1.4) days. LA area on CMR correlated best with P wave area in ECG lead V1 (r = 0.42, p<0.001), with lesser correlations for P wave amplitude and duration. P wave area increased stepwise in relation to CMR-evidenced MR severity (p<0.001), with similar results for MR on echocardiography (performed in 86% of patients). Pulmonary arterial (PA) pressure on echo was increased by 50% among patients in the highest (45±14 mmHg) vs. the lowest (31±9 mmHg) P wave area quartile of the population. In multivariate regression, CMR and echo-specific models demonstrated P wave area to be independently associated with LA size after controlling for MR, as well as echo-evidenced PA pressure. Clinical follow-up (mean 2.4±1.9 years) demonstrated ECG and CMR to yield similar results for stratification of arrhythmic risk, with a 2.6-fold increase in risk for atrial fibrillation/flutter among patients in the top P wave area quartile of the population (CI 1.1-5.9, p = 0.02), and a 3.2-fold increase among patients in the top LA area quartile (CI 1.4-7.0, p = 0.005). Conclusions: ECG-quantified P wave area provides an index of LA remodeling that parallels CMR-evidenced LA chamber geometry, and provides similar predictive value for stratification of atrial arrhythmic risk.