Oxygen delivery does not limit cardiac performance during high work states

Jianyi Zhang, Yo Murakami, Yi Zhang, Yong K. Cho, Yun Ye, Guangrong Gong, Robert J. Bache, Kâmil Uǧurbil, Arthur H L From

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This study tested the hypothesis that the loss of myocardial high- energy phosphates (HEP), which occurs during high cardiac work states [J. Zhang, D. J. Duncker, Y. Xu, Y. Zhang, G. Path, H. Merkle, K. Hendrich, A. H. L. From, R. Bache, and K. Ugurbil. Am. J. Physiol. 268: (Heart Circ. Physiol. 37): H1891-H1905, 1995], is not the result of insufficient intracellular O2 availability. To evaluate the state of myocardial oxygenation, the proximal histidine signal of deoxymyoglobin (Mb-δ) was determined with 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), whereas HEP were examined with 31P MRS. Normal dogs (n = 11) were studied under basal conditions and during combined infusion of dobutamine and dopamine (20 μg · kg-1 · min-1 iv each), which increased rate-pressure products to >50,000 mmHg · beats · min-1. Creatine phosphate (CP) was expressed as CP/ATP, and myocardial myoglobin desaturation was normalized to the Mb-δ resonance present during total coronary artery occlusion. This Mb-δ resonance appeared at 71 parts per million downfield from the water resonance. CP/ATP decreased from 2.22 ± 0.12 during the basal state to 1.83 ± 0.09 during the high work state (P < 0.01), whereas ΔP(i)/CP increased from 0 to 0.21 ± 0.04 (P < 0.01). Despite these HEP changes, Mb-δ remained undetectable. In contrast, when a coronary stenosis was applied to produce a similar decrease in CP/ATP, Mb-δ reached 0.38 ± 0.10 of the value present during total coronary occlusion. These data demonstrate that Mb-δ is readily detected in vivo during limitation of coronary blood flow sufficient to cause a decrease of myocardial CP/ATP. However, similar HEP changes that occur at high work states in the absence of coronary occlusion are not associated with a detectable Mb-δ resonance. The findings support the hypothesis that the myocardial HEP changes observed at high work states are not due to inadequate O2 availability to the mitochondria and emphasize the limitations of interpreting HEP alterations in the absence of knowing the level of myocyte oxygenation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H50-H57
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1 46-1
StatePublished - Jul 1999


  • Deoxymyoglobin
  • High-energy phosphates
  • Intense catecholamine stimulation
  • Myocardium

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