We studied the relationship between oviposition preference and offspring performance in Eurosta solidaginis, a fly that induces galls on tall goldenrod, Solidago altissima. In a garden experiment, we measured the oviposition preference and performance of E. solidaginis on four replicates of 20 genotypes of Solidago altissima for two years. No evidence was found of an oviposition preference based on plant genotype. E. solidagins survival was influenced by plant genotype in 1991, but not in 1990. In 1991, there was no correlation between the preference for plant genotypes and larval performance on these genotypes. More rapidly growing ramets were ovipunctured more frequently. However, survival was highest on ramets with intermediate growth rates. On a per-plot basis, there was no relationship between mean growth rate and oviposition preference or offspring performance. In both 1990 and 1991 there was no significant correlation between preference and performance among plots. There were no significant positive correlations between years in the experimental garden in E. solidaginis preference for, or performance on, S. altissima genotypes. There were also no significant positive correlations between preference and performance by E. solidaginis for S. altissima genotypes in the field and in the experimental garden. This indicates a high degree of plasticity in plant traits related to oviposition preference and offspring performance.